A term used when a well “kicks” when the formation pressure exceeds the pressure created by the mud column.
A high-pressure pump designated for well-kill purposes. Depending on the application, the kill pump may need to be connected to a ready supply of kill fluid should well control be required at short notice.
Kill weight fluid
A mud whose density is high enough to produce a hydrostatic pressure at the point of influx in a wellbore and shut off flow into the well. Kill-weight mud, when needed, must be available quickly to avoid loss of control of the well or a blowout. Thus, it is usually made by weighting up some of the mud in the system or in storage by adding barite or hematite. Unless diluted in advance, the mud may become too thick and perhaps un-pumpable due to high solids loading. A weight-up pilot test can identify if and how much dilution will be needed in advance of adding weighting material to the mud in the pits.
Liquid condensed by a scrubber following a compression and cooling process.
A curve used to generate a certain type of fractal geometry. Straight lines are replaced by regular polygons repeatedly. These curves look like a snowflake when displayed graphically and are used to illustrate that a curve has a fractal dimension D>1.